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Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria affect anyone, men and women regardless of age. And usually Tuberculosis often affects the average age of 15-35 years, arguably the productive age.

Symptoms, Prevention and Nursing Diagnosis for Tuberculosis
In general, tuberculosis is spread through the air, and usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis carried away when someone coughs and phlegm issued. The danger if the bacteria are always enter and accumulate in the lungs, the bacteria will multiply quickly let alone that have a low immune system.

When it happens, the infection will spread easily through the blood vessels or lymph nodes. TB infection can affect other organs such as the brain, kidney, gastrointestinal tract, bone, lymph nodes, and usually the most commonly affected are the lungs.

Here are the symptoms of TB in general:
  • Often experience fever, which is not too high and long lasting.
  • Night sweats.
  • Susceptible to colds that are intermittent.
  • Weight loss and lack of appetite.
  • Coughing more than 3 weeks and sometimes also accompanied by blood.
  • The feeling was weak, lethargic, and not tasty.

Prior to happen to us that we should make prevention, so that we can avoid the TBC. As for how to prevent it are as follows:
  • Not spit disembarang place, try to spit place exposed to direct sunlight or place trash.
  • When someone wants to cough or sneeze you should shut your mouth in order to avoid disease transmission.
  • Health agencies must often be on guard so that the immune system is always awake and powerful.
  • Do not stay up too often because of lack of rest will weaken the immune system.
  • Frequently exercise so that our body is always healthy.
  • Get immunizations for infants to prevent tuberculosis.
  • Drying beds for tuberculosis patients, because TB germs can die when exposed to sunlight.

Nursing Diagnosis for Tuberculosis
  1. Ineffective Airway Clearance
  2. Risk for Impaired Gas Exchange
  3. Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements
  4. Risk for Infection
  5. Fatigue
  6. Ineffective Coping
  7. Risk for Injury
  8. Deficient Knowledge [Learning Need] regarding condition, treatment, prevention.
 
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