Most are caused by microorganisms, but also by others, so it is known:
- Lipoid pneumonia: therefore aspiration of mineral oil.
- Chemical pneumonitis: inhalation of organic materials or chemical vapors such as beryllium.
- Extrinsic allergic alveolitis: inhalation of material dust containing allergens, such as dust dare sugar mills containing dare actynomicetes thermophilic spores.
- Drug induced pulmonary: nitrofurantoin, busulfan, methotrexate.
- Pneumonia due to X-ray radiation.
- Pneumonia with no clear cause: desquamative interstitial pneumonia, eosinophilic pneumonia.
6 Nursing Diagnosis for Pneumonia
- Ineffective airway clearance related to tracheobronchial inflammation, edema formation, increased sputum production. (Doenges, 1999: 166)
- Gas exchange disorders related to changes in the alveolar capillary membrane, the oxygen-carrying capacity disturbance, disruption to the delivery of oxygen. (Doenges, 1999: 166)
- Ineffective breathing pattern related to the inflammatory process in the alveoli. (Doenges, 1999: 177)
- Fluid and electrolyte imbalance related to excessive fluid loss, decreased oral input. (Doenges, 1999: 172)
- Imbalanced Nutrition: less than body requirements related to the metabolic needs secondary to fever and infection process, anorexia associated with bacterial toxins smell and taste sputum, abdominal distention or gas. (Doenges, 1999: 171)
- Activity intolerance related to insufficiency of oxygen for daily activities. (Doenges, 1999: 170)