Pneumonia is one of the diseases of respiratory tract infection is the most established and often a cause of death in almost all the world.

Most are caused by microorganisms, but also by others, so it is known:
  1. Lipoid pneumonia: therefore aspiration of mineral oil.
  2. Chemical pneumonitis: inhalation of organic materials or chemical vapors such as beryllium.
  3. Extrinsic allergic alveolitis: inhalation of material dust containing allergens, such as dust dare sugar mills containing dare actynomicetes thermophilic spores.
  4. Drug induced pulmonary: nitrofurantoin, busulfan, methotrexate.
  5. Pneumonia due to X-ray radiation.
  6. Pneumonia with no clear cause: desquamative interstitial pneumonia, eosinophilic pneumonia.
  7. Microorganisms.

6 Nursing Diagnosis for Pneumonia
  1. Ineffective airway clearance related to tracheobronchial inflammation, edema formation, increased sputum production. (Doenges, 1999: 166)
  2. Gas exchange disorders related to changes in the alveolar capillary membrane, the oxygen-carrying capacity disturbance, disruption to the delivery of oxygen. (Doenges, 1999: 166)
  3. Ineffective breathing pattern related to the inflammatory process in the alveoli. (Doenges, 1999: 177)
  4. Fluid and electrolyte imbalance related to excessive fluid loss, decreased oral input. (Doenges, 1999: 172)
  5. Imbalanced Nutrition: less than body requirements related to the metabolic needs secondary to fever and infection process, anorexia associated with bacterial toxins smell and taste sputum, abdominal distention or gas. (Doenges, 1999: 171)
  6. Activity intolerance related to insufficiency of oxygen for daily activities. (Doenges, 1999: 170)

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