- Family history. Small increased risk - 3.5-fold increase if a first-degree family member is affected.
- It is more common in women. (67% is in women, and 55% in men, unlike other types of dementia.)
- Apolipoprotein E4 variant - the largest known genetic risk factor in late-onset sporadic Alzheimer's disease, but wide differences in prevalence of the genotype in populations studied.
- Head injury.
- Risk factors associated with vascular disease; particularly hypercholesterolaemia, hypertension and diabetes implicated.
- Drinking wine seems to be protective.
10 warning signs of Alzheimer's:
- Memory loss that disrupts daily life
- Challenges in planning or solving problems
- Difficulty completing familiar tasks at home, at work or at leisure
- Confusion with time or place
- Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships
- New problems with words in speaking or writing
- Misplacing things and losing the ability to retrace steps
- Decreased or poor judgment
- Withdrawal from work or social activities
- Changes in mood and personality
Alzheimer's Disease - 4 Nursing Diagnosis
- Disturbed Thought Processes
- Disturbed Sensory Perception
- Disturbed Sleep pattern
- Risk for Injury