According to WHO Anaemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or their oxygen-carrying capacity is insufficient to meet physiologic needs, which vary by age, sex, altitude, smoking, and pregnancy status.

Anemia or anaemia is usually defined as a decrease in the amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or the amount of hemoglobin in the blood. It can also be defined as a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.

There are more than 400 types of anemia, which are divided into three groups:
  • Anemia caused by blood loss.
  • Anemia caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production.
  • Anemia caused by destruction of red blood cells.

Anemia - 10 Nursing Diagnosis
Initially, iron deficiency anemia can be so mild that it goes unnoticed. But as the body becomes more deficient in iron and anemia worsens, the signs and symptoms intensify.

Iron deficiency anemia symptoms may include:
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Pale skin
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Frequent infections
  • Headache
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Inflammation or soreness of your tongue
  • Brittle nails
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Unusual cravings for non-nutritive substances, such as ice, dirt or starch
  • Poor appetite, especially in infants and children with iron deficiency anemia
  • An uncomfortable tingling or crawling feeling in your legs (restless legs syndrome)

Anemia - 10 Nursing Diagnosis

  1. Activity Intolerance
  2. Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements
  3. Constipation/Diarrhea
  4. Risk for Infection
  5. Risk for Deficient fluid volume
  6. Deficient Knowledge
  7. Fatigue
  8. Fear
  9. Ineffective coping
  10. Ineffective thermoregulation.

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