Anemia or anaemia is usually defined as a decrease in the amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or the amount of hemoglobin in the blood. It can also be defined as a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.
There are more than 400 types of anemia, which are divided into three groups:
- Anemia caused by blood loss.
- Anemia caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production.
- Anemia caused by destruction of red blood cells.
Iron deficiency anemia symptoms may include:
- Extreme fatigue
- Pale skin
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Frequent infections
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Cold hands and feet
- Inflammation or soreness of your tongue
- Brittle nails
- Fast heartbeat
- Unusual cravings for non-nutritive substances, such as ice, dirt or starch
- Poor appetite, especially in infants and children with iron deficiency anemia
- An uncomfortable tingling or crawling feeling in your legs (restless legs syndrome)
Anemia - 10 Nursing Diagnosis
- Activity Intolerance
- Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements
- Risk for Infection
- Risk for Deficient fluid volume
- Deficient Knowledge
- Ineffective coping
- Ineffective thermoregulation.